Incorporation of Public Limited Company

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    Fastest & Easiest way to Form Company in India

    Incorporation, the procedure for forming a company, involves registering the business with the Companies Act of 2013. Many Indians desire of starting their own business or firm, and becoming registered with the MCA is a major matter. of company formation, private limited companies, public limited companies, and limited liability companies. Company registration in India is handled by the registrar of companies under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs or MCA. Even though company formation or the process for incorporation of a company is quite simple. But you need ca and cs guidance to carry out the company formation procedure in India. Kaushalya consultancy will help in the registration and formation of all types of companies in India. For a company, the formation chooses at least one appropriate name for the new company, with the other six possibilities reflecting the goals of the company.

    If you are forming a company online, then Log on to the MCA website (http://www.mca.gov.in/MinistryV2/easeofdoingbusiness.html), complete the form, and add the necessary information requested in the eForm. The company identification is generated once the forms and online documentation are submitted and complete. You will obtain the corporate certificate from RoC.

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    How to Choose the Best Type of Business Structure for You

    1. Quantity of Owners
      You can choose a sole proprietorship or a one-person company if you wish to launch a business on your own (Indian residence mandatory). You should choose a Limited Liability Partnership company, a Private Limited Company, etc. if there are other people present.
    2. Amount of risk
      In comparison to a company, where there is no personal risk, a one-person firm and a sole proprietorship include the founder assuming all of the company’s risks. In a partnership, the risk is allocated among the partners following their understanding.
    3. Cost of registration and maintenance
      For a proprietorship, registration and upkeep are affordable one-time expenses. However, businesses must frequently meet compliance standards and incur substantial maintenance costs.
    4. Credibility
      Companies are more trustworthy when it comes to registration and other comparable processes, but the public may view their financial data. In a sole proprietorship, the owner is solely responsible for upholding the company’s reputation.
    5. Tax systems
      There are many tax slabs and systems for various business types. These taxes are charged directly to a Company & LLP. A partnership may also be subject to various tax regimes. For small businesses, these arrangements are subject to standard tax rates of 30% and 25%, respectively. After all exemptions, the tax rate for a sole proprietorship ranges from 5% to 25%.

    Common Types of Company Formation in India in 2022

    There are various types of companies that can be formed and registered in India:

    • Sole Proprietorship
      1. A sole proprietorship is a form of business in which one person owns all the assets of the business, in contrast to partnerships or corporations.
      2. No legal formalities are required to create a sole proprietorship other than appropriate licensing to conduct a business and registration of a business name if it differs from that sole proprietorship.
      3. The owner reports income/ loss from this business along with his income tax return.
    • One Person Company (new company formation introduced)
      1. The Company’s Act 2013 enables the formulation of a new type of entity i.e. One Person Company (OPC) An OPC means a company with only 1 person as a member.
      2. Shareholders can make only 1 nominee, who shall become a shareholder in case of death/incapacity of the original stakeholder.
    • Private Limited Company (the most registered company)
      A private company is a company that has the following characteristics: 
      1. Shareholders’ right to transfer shares is restricted.
      2. A minimum number of 2 members in the company.
      3. The number of shareholders is limited to 200.
      4. An invitation to the public to subscribe to any shares or debentures or any type of security is prohibited.
    • Public Ltd Company
      A public company is a company that has the following characteristics: 
      1. Shareholders’ right to transfer shares is not restricted.
      2. Minimum 7 shareholders.
      3. Publishing a prospectus becomes mandatory in case of public issues.
    • Section 8 Company
      1. A company established for promoting commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of environment or any such other object’, provided the profits, if any, or other income is applied for promoting only the objects of the company and no dividend is paid to its members.
      2. Registered under the Central Government’s MCA
    • Partnership firm
      1. Partnership firms are created by drafting a partnership deed among the partners. The partnership deed is registered to make a firm.
      2. Partnership firms in India are governed by the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.
      3. The Profit & Loss are shared in a manner as agreed in the partnership deed.
      4. The maximum no. of partners in a partnership firm can be 20.
    • Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)
      1. LLP is an alternative corporate business entity that provides the benefits of limited liability of a company but allows its members the flexibility of organizing their internal management on the basis of a mutually-arrived agreement, as is the case in a partnership firm.
      2. Introduced in India by way of the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008.

    The benefits of forming a business in India


    The advantages of registering a company are numerous. Having a license makes a business legitimate and raises its credibility.

    • It protects against responsibilities for others as well as hazards and damage.
    • Helps gain customers while also promoting goodwill.
    • Offers dependable bank credit to clients, making it simple to make investments.
    • It includes the need to protect the company’s assets.
    • Greater stability and a stronger commitment to wealth
    • Increase the ability to expand and grow huge.

    Documents required for all types of company formation

    The application must be followed while using the previously mentioned:

    1. Memorandum of Association, authenticated, attested, and stamped.
    2. It should also include information on the signatories’ addresses, occupations, and the vast range of stocks to which they have subscribed.
    3. Articles of Association are attested, stamped, and signed.
    4. Written approval from the proposed directors and a commitment to purchase qualifying shares.
    5. Any existing agreement with the suggested Managing Director, Manager, etc.
    6. A copy of the Registrar’s letter of approval for the company’s name.
    7. A Statutory Declaration stating that all required paperwork for registration has been filed.
    8. Take note of the exact Registered Office Address.
    9. Documentary proof of fee payment

    How to Form a New Company: Steps to Follow

    Procedures to follow in order to incorporate a new business:

    • Choose a minimum of one good name and a maximum of six names that reflect the major goals of the business, in that order of preference.
    • Use the facilities of checking name availability on the site to make sure the name does not match the name of any other company that has already been listed and does not also violate the prohibitions of emblems and names (Prevention of Improper Use Act, 1950).
    • Apply to the concerned RoC (Registrar of Companies) by logging into the portal to check if the name is available in eForm1 A. Along with paying the money, the applicant proposing the firm must attach their digital signature to the application form. If the suggested name is not available, the user must submit a new application with a different name.
    • Within 60 days of the name being approved, the applicant may submit the necessary forms (Forms 1, 18, and 32) to register the new company. Get AOA & MOA articles by a lawyer approved by the RoC, Stamp duty applied and printed.
    • Get all the MOA and the AOA signed in his or her own hand by at least two subscribers, the father’s name, employment, residence, and the number of shares subscribed for, and have at least one person witness the signatures.
    • Sign in to the website, complete the following forms, and upload the necessary files with digital signatures (Forms 1, 18, and 32).
    • Obtain the Certificate of Incorporation from RoC when the Form has been processed and a Corporate Identity has been generated.

    How to Form a New Company: Steps to Follow

    A business enterprise becomes a legal entity with the ability to enter into binding contracts with the printing of the Certificate of Incorporation. A private company must also get a Certificate of Commencement of Business before it can launch its operations after receiving the Certificate of Incorporation.

    For the purpose of formation, a public organization must pass through two further levels.

    Why choose us? : Kaushalya Consultants

    Kaushalya consultancy- A fast-growing, profitable online business service provider was established to make it simple for Indian entrepreneurs and business owners to launch and run a company. We are the leading provider of business formation services in India. Also, offer quick and comprehensive business incorporation services.

    More details on how to incorporate a company in India are available from our expert team.

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    Frequently Asked Questions​

    The process of incorporating a business is called company formation. When a company is incorporated, it becomes a distinct legal entity; a "person" that is independent of its owners and in change of its own money, assets, and debts.
    1. Name approval
    2. AOA and Moa agreements
    3. Capital requirements for shares
    4. Shareholders
    5. The selection of directors
    6. Registered address
    7. Time required to register a firm
    Yes, two people are needed to formally incorporate a one-person business or sole proprietorship. 
    The MCA's recent modifications have made it simple to register and form any type of company with the government. The process of registering your company properly can take between 10 and 15 days, provided that all of the necessary documents are in order.
    A company may be established as either a for-profit or  a non-profit organization. They are created to bring in money and give back to their shareholders in proportion to their ownership stakes in the company.


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